Polarisation is a phenomenon that characterises the political and social debate of the 21st century. I have been working for several years on the relationship between democracy and polarisation in Europe at different levels, especially at the local level.

Several publications have been produced on this subject:

Pausch, M./Hladschik, P./Pazderski, F./Nagem, R. (2021). Resilience Against Anti-Democratic Tendencies Through Education. Handbook for Social and Youth Workers, Institute of Public Affairs, Council of Europe, Strasbourg (also available in French, German, Polish).

Pausch, M. (2021). The future of polarisation in Europe. Relative cosmopolitanism and democracy. Eur J Futures Res 912 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40309-021-00183-2

Pausch, M. (2021). Polarisation and depolarisation on the local level, Concept Note, BRIDGE Project, EFUS Paris. 

Pausch, M. (2021). Markus Pausch, Strukturelle, kommunikative und edukative Depolarisierung: Wege zur Stärkung der Demokratie in: Konfliktdynamik, Jahrgang 10/2021, Heft 4, S. 272-279.

Pausch, M. (2021). Dialog statt Polarisierung. Europas Demokratie und die lokale Ebene, ÖGFE Policy Brief PB 02/21, Wien. 

Pausch, M. (2020). Polarisation in pluralist democracies. Considerations about a complex phenomenon, BRIDGE Project, EFUS Paris. 

Pausch, M. (2020). Democratic Innovations Against Polarisation in Europe, in: Pausch, M. (ed.) Perspectives for Europe. Historical Concepts and Future Challenges, Nomos: Baden-Baden, pp. 127-150.